- About mongolia
- Mongolia steppe
Mongolian goal of Buddhism is a state of lasting, unconditional happiness known as enlightenment. To bring us to this state, Mongolian Buddhism points us to lasting values in this impermanent world, and gives us valuable information about how things really are. Through understanding the law of cause and effect, using practical tools like meditation to gain insight and develop compassion and wisdom, we — all of us — can tap into our potential to realize the ultimate goal of enlightenment.
A large-scale conversion of Mongols to Buddhism began in the 16th century and lasted until the early 20th century. Mongolian Buddhism was the predominant religious tradition of the Mongols, influencing every aspect of Mongolian cultural, political, and religious life. After almost seven decades of communist suppression of religious freedom, which began in 1921, the Buddhist tradition in the early 21st century is becoming once again a dominant religious force in Mongolia, giving rise to a new proliferation of art, literature, and ritual. However, Mongolian Buddhism as an area of study is still in its infancy, and the amount of scholarship is small. In the early 21st century one can find basic introductions that contain short encyclopedia entries related to Mongolian Buddhism, general historical overviews focusing on the political and social history of Buddhism in Mongolia, and a limited number of articles.
Baga Gazriin Chuluu
Khongor sand dunes
Temple of Ongi
Arrival in Ulaanbaatar and transfer to hotel in the city centre. After lunch, we will start the city tour including Gandan Monastery, Chinggis Khaan square and surroundings including Parliament House, National Opera Theatre, Cultural Palace and House of City Council. Then we will drive to Zaisan Hill, which provides wide view of the Ulaanbaatar then we will visit Museum of National history with an excellent exhibitions such as Stone and Bronze Age, Turkic and Mongol Empire, rise of Buddhism and communist regime. Overnight and relax in the hotel.
After breakfast we will drive through Zorgol Khairkhan mountain and Davstai Lake to Baga gazriin chuluu. After picnic lunch on the road we will visit Baga gazriin chuluu. Baga Gazariin Chuluu is 1751-meter high granite stone mountains in the territory of Adaatsag soum, Dundgobi province, is another place with unique scenery that many tourists compare with lunar scenes. The mountain contains remains of old temples. They are not only rich in minerals, crystals but also eyes spring, old stone temple ruins related with 17th century. Overnight at the camp.
The rocky formations of Tsagaan Suvarga, ”white stupa”, are located in the southeast of the Ulziit sum, on the southern border of the province of Dundgobi. These rocky formations eroded by the wind look like a ruined city when observes from a certain distance of 85km. The rock formations are about 60m high and 400m long. Overnight at the camp.
After breakfast at the camp, we will drive to the direction of Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park in the South Gobi province. We will visit Yoll valley, is the narrow canyon of a river that flows through the Zuun Saikhan Mountain. The rock walls stand 200m and the canyon has green meadows with thick glacier layer that is deeply set between the walls. We will hike or ride a horse to the canyon from the parking for 3-4km. Overnight at the camp on the mountain.
After breakfast at the camp, we will visit Yoll valley, is the narrow canyon of a river that flows through the Zuun Saikhan Mountain. The rock walls stand 200m and the canyon has green meadows with thick glacier layer that is deeply set between the walls. We will hike or ride a horse to the canyon from the parking for 3-4km. We will have picnic lunch on the Dunegnee canyon. We will arrive at the Khongor sand dunes in the afternoon. Khongoriin Els dunes stretch for 180 kms, as wide as 7-20km. The dunes lie on the northern part of Servei and Zuulun mountain. The sound of masses of wind-blown sand can be heard from the long distance. Overnight at the camp.
After breakfast at the camp, we will drive to Bayanzag, a famous Flaming Cliffs named after by Roy Andrews Chapman, a modern day Indiana Jones. He was an American explorer who visited Mongolia in 1920s. The striking red Bayanzag cliffs have dinosaur fossils, eggs and bones all over the place and neighbored by bushy Saxual tree forests. After lunch at Bayanzag we will drive to the Ruins of Ongi Monastery, which was founded in 1660 and consisted of two temple complexes on the north and south banks of the Ongi River. The older southern complex consisted of various administrative buildings as well as 11 temples. The northern complex built in the 18th century, consisted of 17 temples-among them one of the largest temples in all Mongolia. Overnight at the camp.
After breakfast we will drive to Orkhon waterfall which is situated in the Orkhon river, that flows 1120km; the longest river in Mongolia. The local name of the waterfall is Ulaan Tsutgalan and the height is 24m, waterfall was formed by a unique combination of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes about 20 000 years ago. The water level of the waterfall depends on the rainfall. Hiking opportunities to the bottom of the gorge. Overnight at the camp.
After breakfast, we will depart for the the Ugii Lake is a famous for its bird life.About 150 types of aquatic birds gather at Lake Ugii including scarce bird like a cape barren goose, a spoonbill. Ugii Lake is also renowned for its fishing such as a perch, a Luce. It is 7 km long and 5 km wide. 50-80 tons fishes are caught annually. The lake is 1337 m above sea level and at the deepest part it reaches up to 15m. Overnight in camp tourist near the lake.
We will drive to Uran volcano. It is located about 60 km directly west of Bulgan city around the extinct volcanoes Uran Togoo, Tulga, Togoo, and Jalavch Uul. All four mountain names allude to their volcanic past with designations borrowed from around the fireplace. The Uran Togoo and Togoo mountains are named for their bowl shape, the Tulga mountain for its three mounds reminding of the traditional iron tripod kettle support. Jalavch ist a term for a small pot. Overnight at the camp tourist.
We will drive to Amarbayasgalant monastery via Bulgan and Erdenet city in the afternoon. Amarbayasgalant is the Monastery of Tranquil Felicity, once one of the three largest Buddhist centers in Mongolia, is located near the Selenge River. It was built between 1727 and 1736 by Zanabazar, the first Bogd Khaan Undur Gegeen Zanabazar, a religious and cultural; leader. Unlike other monasteries Amarbayasgalant shows great class of style. The overall design is Chinese despite some Mongolian and Tibetan influence. Amarbayasgalant monastery is a 2 storey building that covers an area of 87 hectares. Overnight at the camp.
After breakfast, we will drive to Ulaanbaatar and arrive in Ulaanbaatar in the afternoon. We will visit cashmere outlet factory and state department store for souvenir shopping. Traditional folklore performance in the evening. Overnight and relax in the hotel.
Mongolian Senjit rock is located 1130 km west of Ulaanbaatar in the Erdenekhairkhan soum of Zavkhan province of Mongolia. Mongolian rock formations of Senjit Khad have a very interesting shape. After effects, the often violent wind comin...